# 3 Individual Species Results

We used landbird density models based on climate, vegetation, and terrain variables, fitted as boosted regression trees; these were developed using avian point count data from the Boreal Avian Modelling (BAM) project database. The BAM database is a compilation of point-count data from projects spanning the boreal and hemi-boreal regions of North America (Cumming et al. 2010; Barker et al. 2015). BAM’s human point-count survey data (1993 to 2018) were supplemented with sampling events extracted from autonomous recording units (ARU) deployed in the Northwest Territories and Alberta (2012 to 2018) by both the Canadian Wildlife Service and the University of Alberta Bioacoustic Unit (WildTrax, 2019). The species for this study were selected based on the availability of survey data and density offsets (Sólymos et al. 2013) to standardize point-count survey estimates. This resulted in models for 71 landbird species (Table 1).

## 3.1 Species Information

The following table provides information on species and how these are generally classified:

## 3.2 Species Results

The following sections present all individual species results:

**Map of selected areas:**Map that represents the high quality areas chosen for caribou and landbird species for 2031 and 15% of total area. Other scenarios can be found here.**Linear regression results:**To evaluate temporal trends in BCUI for each landbird species, we did linear regressions of BCUI against projected year and scenario, using both climate models and replicates to assess uncertainty. Here we show the model output with`BIRD ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year`

and plotted values with fitted linear model through time, for each scenario.

### 3.2.1 Alder Flycatcher

#### 3.2.1.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum)

Family | Tyrannidae |

Genus | Empidonax |

Species | alnorum |

Scientific Name | Empidonax alnorum |

Common Name | Alder Flycatcher |

Species_Code | ALFL |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Air |

Forage_Breed1 | Sallier |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Shrub |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Treed/shrubby swamp |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Bogs |

UICN | Least Concern |

V18 | Ground |

#### 3.2.1.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Alder Flycatcher

The following map represents the areas chosen by ALFL for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.1.3 Linear regression table for Alder Flycatcher

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.81148 -0.07431 0.00865 0.06507 0.36007
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.713e-01 3.221e-01 0.532 0.595051
ProportionAreaChosen0.15 -3.312e-02 1.985e-02 -1.669 0.095518 .
ProportionAreaChosen0.25 -7.258e-02 1.985e-02 -3.657 0.000273 ***
ProportionAreaChosen0.35 -1.211e-01 1.985e-02 -6.100 1.71e-09 ***
ProportionAreaChosen0.45 -1.696e-01 1.985e-02 -8.546 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen0.55 -2.082e-01 1.985e-02 -10.491 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen0.65 -2.553e-01 1.985e-02 -12.865 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen0.75 -3.104e-01 1.985e-02 -15.639 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen0.85 -3.921e-01 1.985e-02 -19.760 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen0.95 -5.718e-01 1.985e-02 -28.813 < 2e-16 ***
Year -8.995e-05 1.569e-04 -0.573 0.566591
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1215 on 739 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.658, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6534
F-statistic: 142.2 on 10 and 739 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.2 American Crow

#### 3.2.2.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

Family | Corvidae |

Genus | Corvus |

Species | brachyrhynchos |

Scientific Name | Corvus brachyrhynchos |

Common Name | American Crow |

Species_Code | AMCR |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Agricultural |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Urban |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.2.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and American Crow

The following map represents the areas chosen by AMCR for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.2.3 Linear regression table for American Crow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.73423 -0.05340 0.00768 0.06582 0.28365
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 3.6980650 0.3288499 11.245 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.0192687 0.0157828 1.221 0.223
Year -0.0017557 0.0001603 -10.954 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1241 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.1399, Adjusted R-squared: 0.1376
F-statistic: 60.74 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.3 American Restart

#### 3.2.3.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for American Restart (Setophaga ruticilla)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Setophaga |

Species | ruticilla |

Scientific Name | Setophaga ruticilla |

Common Name | American Restart |

Species_Code | AMRE |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Deciduous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Early successional |

UICN | Least Concern |

V18 | Cavity |

#### 3.2.3.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and American Restart

The following map represents the areas chosen by AMRE for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.3.3 Linear regression table for American Restart

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.69943 -0.07876 -0.01225 0.10148 0.47247
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -3.4763515 0.5015925 -6.931 9.06e-12 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -1.1174688 0.0240734 -46.419 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0017400 0.0002445 7.118 2.58e-12 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1894 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.747, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7463
F-statistic: 1103 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.4 American Robin

#### 3.2.4.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Family | Turdidae |

Genus | Turdus |

Species | migratorius |

Scientific Name | Turdus migratorius |

Common Name | American Robin |

Species_Code | AMRO |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Tree - non-specific |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Urban |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Agricultural |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Woodlands |

UICN | Least Concern |

V18 | Cavity |

#### 3.2.4.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and American Robin

The following map represents the areas chosen by AMRO for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.4.3 Linear regression table for American Robin

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.29004 -0.09975 -0.02501 0.11013 0.30056
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 7.5083250 0.3520020 21.33 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.2223063 0.0168939 -13.16 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0036161 0.0001716 -21.08 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1329 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.4525, Adjusted R-squared: 0.4511
F-statistic: 308.7 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.5 American Tree Sparrow

#### 3.2.5.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)

Family | Passerillidae |

Genus | Spizelloides |

Species | |

Scientific Name | Spizelloides arborea |

Common Name | American Tree Sparrow |

Species_Code | ATSP |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Open woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Tundra |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.5.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and American Tree Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by ATSP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.5.3 Linear regression table for American Tree Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.271063 -0.059485 -0.009777 0.054942 0.258296
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -2.0217404 0.2401870 -8.417 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 1.0277178 0.0115275 89.153 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.0010294 0.0001171 8.793 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.09068 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.9148, Adjusted R-squared: 0.9146
F-statistic: 4013 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.6 American Three-toed Woodpecker

#### 3.2.6.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for American Three-toed Woodpecker (Picoides dorsalis)

Family | Picidae |

Genus | Picoides |

Species | dorsalis |

Scientific Name | Picoides dorsalis |

Common Name | American Three-toed Woodpecker |

Species_Code | ATTW |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Resident |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Bark |

Forage_Breed1 | Excavator |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Snag |

Nesting_Habitat1 | |

Nesting_Habitat2 | |

Nesting_Habitat3 | |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.6.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and American Three-toed Woodpecker

The following map represents the areas chosen by ATTW for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.6.3 Linear regression table for American Three-toed Woodpecker

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.127755 -0.028089 -0.001083 0.031415 0.176520
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 3.469e-01 1.196e-01 2.900 0.00384 **
ProportionAreaChosen 4.052e-01 5.740e-03 70.597 < 2e-16 ***
Year -2.439e-04 5.829e-05 -4.184 3.2e-05 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.04515 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.8701, Adjusted R-squared: 0.8697
F-statistic: 2501 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.7 Black-and-white Warbler

#### 3.2.7.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Mniotilta |

Species | varia |

Scientific Name | Mniotilta varia |

Common Name | Black-and-white Warbler |

Species_Code | BAWW |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Bark |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.7.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Black-and-white Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by BAWW for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.7.3 Linear regression table for Black-and-white Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.06391 -0.09410 0.02117 0.12985 0.54368
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -1.8120314 0.6363686 -2.847 0.00453 **
ProportionAreaChosen -1.5547067 0.0305418 -50.904 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0009298 0.0003102 2.998 0.00281 **
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.2402 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.7768, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7762
F-statistic: 1300 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.8 Bay-breasted Warbler

#### 3.2.8.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Setophaga |

Species | castanea |

Scientific Name | Setophaga castanea |

Common Name | Bay-breasted Warbler |

Species_Code | BBWA |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Open woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.8.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Bay-breasted Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by BBWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.8.3 Linear regression table for Bay-breasted Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.80260 -0.05650 0.00596 0.08877 0.28124
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -4.6098214 0.3465909 -13.30 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.6323596 0.0166342 -38.02 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.0022227 0.0001689 13.16 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1308 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6842, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6833
F-statistic: 809.2 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.9 Black-backed Woodpecker

#### 3.2.9.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Black-backed Woodpecker (Picoides arcticus)

Family | Picidae |

Genus | Picoides |

Species | arcticus |

Scientific Name | Picoides arcticus |

Common Name | Black-backed Woodpecker |

Species_Code | BBWO |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Resident |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Bark |

Forage_Breed1 | Scaler |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Snag |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Bogs |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.9.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Black-backed Woodpecker

The following map represents the areas chosen by BBWO for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.9.3 Linear regression table for Black-backed Woodpecker

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.23886 -0.07897 0.01462 0.07493 0.21028
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -2.7583346 0.2680172 -10.292 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.2094448 0.0128632 16.282 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.0012513 0.0001306 9.579 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1012 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.3233, Adjusted R-squared: 0.3215
F-statistic: 178.4 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.10 Black-capped Chickadee

#### 3.2.10.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Family | Paridae |

Genus | Poecile |

Species | attricapillus |

Scientific Name | Poecile atricapillus |

Common Name | Black-capped Chickadee |

Species_Code | BCCH |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Resident |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Snag |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Open woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.10.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Black-capped Chickadee

The following map represents the areas chosen by BCCH for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.10.3 Linear regression table for Black-capped Chickadee

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.09302 -0.04316 0.01404 0.08957 0.29696
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 2.2440380 0.4374448 5.130 3.70e-07 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -1.1532444 0.0209947 -54.930 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0010754 0.0002132 -5.044 5.72e-07 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1651 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.8029, Adjusted R-squared: 0.8024
F-statistic: 1521 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.11 Brown-headed Cowbird

#### 3.2.11.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Family | Icteridae |

Genus | Molothrus |

Species | ater |

Scientific Name | Molothrus ater |

Common Name | Brown-headed Cowbird |

Species_Code | BHCO |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Deciduous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Agricultural |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Urban |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.11.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Brown-headed Cowbird

The following map represents the areas chosen by BHCO for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.11.3 Linear regression table for Brown-headed Cowbird

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.66180 -0.14005 -0.00181 0.13560 0.67967
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 14.8915013 0.7515483 19.81 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.5065161 0.0360697 -14.04 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0072028 0.0003663 -19.66 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.2837 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.4387, Adjusted R-squared: 0.4372
F-statistic: 291.9 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.12 Blue-headed Vireo

#### 3.2.12.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius)

Family | Vireonidae |

Genus | Vireo |

Species | solitarius |

Scientific Name | Vireo solitarius |

Common Name | Blue-headed Vireo |

Species_Code | BHVI |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.12.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Blue-headed Vireo

The following map represents the areas chosen by BHVI for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.12.3 Linear regression table for Blue-headed Vireo

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.42393 -0.04069 -0.00109 0.04474 0.22751
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.5012228 0.2290246 6.555 1.04e-10 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -1.0212675 0.0109918 -92.912 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0007186 0.0001116 -6.438 2.17e-10 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.08646 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.9207, Adjusted R-squared: 0.9205
F-statistic: 4337 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.13 Blackpoll Warbler

#### 3.2.13.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Blackpoll Warbler (Setophaga striata)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Setophaga |

Species | striata |

Scientific Name | Setophaga striata |

Common Name | Blackpoll Warbler |

Species_Code | BLPW |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.13.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Blackpoll Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by BLPW for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.13.3 Linear regression table for Blackpoll Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-2.73709 -0.16760 0.06582 0.22876 0.62570
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 20.1617857 1.0415499 19.357 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.1825734 0.0499880 3.652 0.000278 ***
Year -0.0097581 0.0005076 -19.223 < 2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.3932 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.3389, Adjusted R-squared: 0.3371
F-statistic: 191.4 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.14 Boreal Chickadee

#### 3.2.14.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Boreal Chickadee (Poecile hudsonicus)

Family | Paridae |

Genus | Poecile |

Species | hudsonicus |

Scientific Name | Poecile hudsonicus |

Common Name | Boreal Chickadee |

Species_Code | BOCH |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Resident |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Snag |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Bogs |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.14.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Boreal Chickadee

The following map represents the areas chosen by BOCH for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.14.3 Linear regression table for Boreal Chickadee

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.21752 -0.06175 -0.01236 0.05271 0.40149
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -5.5278774 0.2437465 -22.68 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.5412207 0.0116983 46.27 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.0025939 0.0001188 21.83 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.09202 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.778, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7774
F-statistic: 1309 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.15 Brown Creeper

#### 3.2.15.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Brown Creeper (Certhia americana)

Family | Certhiidae |

Genus | Certhia |

Species | americana |

Scientific Name | Certhia americana |

Common Name | Brown Creeper |

Species_Code | BRCR |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Bark |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Snag |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Coniferous woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.15.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Brown Creeper

The following map represents the areas chosen by BRCR for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.15.3 Linear regression table for Brown Creeper

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.12368 -0.04951 -0.01243 0.04559 0.21878
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -2.299e+00 1.746e-01 -13.17 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 3.103e-01 8.379e-03 37.04 <2e-16 ***
Year 1.090e-03 8.509e-05 12.81 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.06591 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6728, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6719
F-statistic: 767.9 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.16 Black-throated Green Warbler

#### 3.2.16.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Black-throated Green Warbler (Setophaga virens)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Setophaga |

Species | virens |

Scientific Name | Setophaga virens |

Common Name | Black-throated Green Warbler |

Species_Code | BTNW |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Deciduous woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.16.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Black-throated Green Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by BTNW for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.16.3 Linear regression table for Black-throated Green Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.98888 -0.06623 0.00577 0.10193 0.50319
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 3.0810965 0.5958677 5.171 3.00e-07 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -1.1263439 0.0285980 -39.385 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0014281 0.0002904 -4.917 1.08e-06 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.225 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6783, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6775
F-statistic: 787.7 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.17 Canada Warbler

#### 3.2.17.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Cardellina |

Species | canadensis |

Scientific Name | Cardellina canadensis |

Common Name | Canada Warbler |

Species_Code | CAWA |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Riparian woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.17.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Canada Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by CAWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.17.3 Linear regression table for Canada Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.63152 -0.15266 0.07281 0.23090 0.59483
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -0.4222369 0.9978105 -0.423 0.672
ProportionAreaChosen -2.1329380 0.0478888 -44.539 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.0003963 0.0004863 0.815 0.415
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.3767 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.7265, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7258
F-statistic: 992.2 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.18 Clay-colored Sparrow

#### 3.2.18.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Spizella |

Species | pallida |

Scientific Name | Spizella pallida |

Common Name | Clay-colored Sparrow |

Species_Code | CCSP |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Shrub |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Burned/logged areas |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.18.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Clay-colored Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by CCSP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.18.3 Linear regression table for Clay-colored Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.34976 -0.05063 0.00595 0.04664 0.16067
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 8.061e-01 1.876e-01 4.298 1.95e-05 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -1.476e-01 9.002e-03 -16.392 < 2e-16 ***
Year -2.853e-04 9.142e-05 -3.121 0.00187 **
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.07081 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.2715, Adjusted R-squared: 0.2696
F-statistic: 139.2 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.19 Chipping Sparrow

#### 3.2.19.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Spizella |

Species | passerina |

Scientific Name | Spizella passerina |

Common Name | Chipping Sparrow |

Species_Code | CHSP |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Open woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Agricultural |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.19.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Chipping Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by CHSP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.19.3 Linear regression table for Chipping Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.140226 -0.042546 -0.002772 0.035477 0.169461
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -1.494e+00 1.557e-01 -9.596 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 1.823e-03 7.471e-03 0.244 0.807
Year 5.962e-04 7.586e-05 7.859 1.35e-14 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.05876 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.07643, Adjusted R-squared: 0.07396
F-statistic: 30.91 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: 1.268e-13
```

### 3.2.20 Connecticut Warbler

#### 3.2.20.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Connecticut Warbler (Oporornis agilis)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Oporornis |

Species | agilis |

Scientific Name | Oporornis agilis |

Common Name | Connecticut Warbler |

Species_Code | CONW |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Deciduous woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.20.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Connecticut Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by CONW for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.20.3 Linear regression table for Connecticut Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.58052 -0.05668 -0.00415 0.07271 0.33711
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 0.7143099 0.3728182 1.916 0.0557 .
ProportionAreaChosen -0.9402146 0.0178930 -52.547 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0002718 0.0001817 -1.496 0.1351
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1407 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.7872, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7866
F-statistic: 1382 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.21 Common Raven

#### 3.2.21.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Common Raven (Corvus corax)

Family | Corvidae |

Genus | Corvus |

Species | corax |

Scientific Name | Corvus corax |

Common Name | Common Raven |

Species_Code | CORA |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Resident |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Scavenger |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Cliff |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Cliffs |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.21.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Common Raven

The following map represents the areas chosen by CORA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.21.3 Linear regression table for Common Raven

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.35473 -0.08028 0.00011 0.05745 0.45442
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.029e-01 3.342e-01 0.308 0.758
ProportionAreaChosen -2.571e-01 1.604e-02 -16.027 <2e-16 ***
Year -9.929e-05 1.629e-04 -0.610 0.542
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1262 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.2561, Adjusted R-squared: 0.2542
F-statistic: 128.6 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.22 Common Yellowthroat

#### 3.2.22.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Geothlypis |

Species | trichas |

Scientific Name | Geothlypis trichas |

Common Name | Common Yellowthroat |

Species_Code | COYE |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Marsh |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Lakes/ponds/rivers |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.22.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Common Yellowthroat

The following map represents the areas chosen by COYE for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.22.3 Linear regression table for Common Yellowthroat

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.00591 -0.06108 0.00143 0.08986 0.39135
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 0.8826972 0.4610838 1.914 0.0560 .
ProportionAreaChosen -1.2183841 0.0221292 -55.058 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0003972 0.0002247 -1.767 0.0776 .
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1741 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.8025, Adjusted R-squared: 0.8019
F-statistic: 1517 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.23 Dark-eyed Junco

#### 3.2.23.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Junco |

Species | hyemalis |

Scientific Name | Junco hyemalis |

Common Name | Dark-eyed Junco |

Species_Code | DEJU |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Early successional |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.23.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Dark-eyed Junco

The following map represents the areas chosen by DEJU for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.23.3 Linear regression table for Dark-eyed Junco

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.30503 -0.11555 0.00684 0.10034 0.34115
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -0.1601424 0.3677273 -0.435 0.663
ProportionAreaChosen 0.2268723 0.0176487 12.855 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.0000231 0.0001792 0.129 0.897
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1388 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.1812, Adjusted R-squared: 0.179
F-statistic: 82.63 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.24 Eastern Kingbird

#### 3.2.24.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Family | Tyrannidae |

Genus | Tyrannus |

Species | tyrannus |

Scientific Name | Tyrannus tyrannus |

Common Name | Eastern Kingbird |

Species_Code | EAKI |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Air |

Forage_Breed1 | Sallier |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Deciduous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Agricultural |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.24.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Eastern Kingbird

The following map represents the areas chosen by EAKI for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.24.3 Linear regression table for Eastern Kingbird

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.15059 -0.21471 -0.01734 0.15919 0.88851
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 9.2932178 0.9060401 10.26 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.6270029 0.0434844 -14.42 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0044827 0.0004416 -10.15 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.3421 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.2939, Adjusted R-squared: 0.292
F-statistic: 155.5 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.25 Evening Grosbeak

#### 3.2.25.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus)

Family | Fringillidae |

Genus | Coccothraustes |

Species | vespertinus |

Scientific Name | Coccothraustes vespertinus |

Common Name | Evening Grosbeak |

Species_Code | EVGR |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Nomadic |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.25.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Evening Grosbeak

The following map represents the areas chosen by EVGR for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.25.3 Linear regression table for Evening Grosbeak

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.35174 -0.06179 0.00062 0.04702 0.41192
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -0.8983417 0.2902314 -3.095 0.002040 **
ProportionAreaChosen 0.2279266 0.0139293 16.363 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0004921 0.0001415 3.479 0.000532 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1096 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.2725, Adjusted R-squared: 0.2706
F-statistic: 139.9 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.26 Fox Sparrow

#### 3.2.26.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Passerella |

Species | iliaca |

Scientific Name | Passerella iliaca |

Common Name | Fox Sparrow |

Species_Code | FOSP |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Mixed woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.26.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Fox Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by FOSP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.26.3 Linear regression table for Fox Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.304855 -0.098569 0.000209 0.090671 0.315121
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 4.5242109 0.3374334 13.41 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.5526760 0.0161947 34.13 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0021754 0.0001645 -13.23 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1274 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.642, Adjusted R-squared: 0.641
F-statistic: 669.8 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.27 Golden-crowned Kinglet

#### 3.2.27.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa)

Family | Regulidae |

Genus | Regulus |

Species | satrapa |

Scientific Name | Regulus satrapa |

Common Name | Golden-crowned Kinglet |

Species_Code | GCKI |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.27.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Golden-crowned Kinglet

The following map represents the areas chosen by GCKI for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.27.3 Linear regression table for Golden-crowned Kinglet

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.41035 -0.07515 -0.02010 0.06538 0.52873
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -2.3269437 0.3296703 -7.058 3.85e-12 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.0402211 0.0158222 -2.542 0.0112 *
Year 0.0010959 0.0001607 6.821 1.87e-11 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1245 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.06623, Adjusted R-squared: 0.06373
F-statistic: 26.49 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: 7.661e-12
```

### 3.2.28 Gray-cheeked Thrush

#### 3.2.28.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus)

Family | Turdidae |

Genus | Catharus |

Species | minimus |

Scientific Name | Catharus minimus |

Common Name | Gray-cheeked Thrush |

Species_Code | GCTH |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Shrub |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.28.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Gray-cheeked Thrush

The following map represents the areas chosen by GCTH for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.28.3 Linear regression table for Gray-cheeked Thrush

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.61790 -0.07694 0.00596 0.11971 0.31446
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 3.9231061 0.4443315 8.829 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.8144144 0.0213252 38.190 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0018544 0.0002166 -8.563 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1677 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6722, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6713
F-statistic: 765.9 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.29 Canada Jay

#### 3.2.29.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Canada Jay (Perisoreus canadensis)

Family | Corvidae |

Genus | Perisoreus |

Species | canadensis |

Scientific Name | Perisoreus canadensis |

Common Name | Canada Jay |

Species_Code | GRAJ |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Resident |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Bogs |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.29.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Canada Jay

The following map represents the areas chosen by GRAJ for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.29.3 Linear regression table for Canada Jay

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.22633 -0.03435 0.01196 0.04473 0.29273
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -8.155e-01 2.041e-01 -3.996 7.08e-05 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 4.010e-01 9.794e-03 40.943 < 2e-16 ***
Year 2.922e-04 9.946e-05 2.938 0.0034 **
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.07704 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6928, Adjusted R-squared: 0.692
F-statistic: 842.5 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.30 Hammond’s Flycatcher

#### 3.2.30.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Hammond’s Flycatcher (Empidonax hammondii)

Family | Tyrannidae |

Genus | Empidonax |

Species | hammondii |

Scientific Name | Empidonax hammondii |

Common Name | Hammond’s Flycatcher |

Species_Code | HAFL |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Air |

Forage_Breed1 | Sallier |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.30.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Hammond’s Flycatcher

The following map represents the areas chosen by HAFL for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.30.3 Linear regression table for Hammond’s Flycatcher

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-3.2743 -0.2562 0.1145 0.4010 1.0772
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -3.018e+01 1.633e+00 -18.49 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -1.586e+00 7.835e-02 -20.24 <2e-16 ***
Year 1.488e-02 7.957e-04 18.70 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.6163 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.504, Adjusted R-squared: 0.5027
F-statistic: 379.6 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.31 Hermit Thrush

#### 3.2.31.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)

Family | Turdidae |

Genus | Catharus |

Species | guttatus |

Scientific Name | Catharus guttatus |

Common Name | Hermit Thrush |

Species_Code | HETH |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Deciduous woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.31.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Hermit Thrush

The following map represents the areas chosen by HETH for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.31.3 Linear regression table for Hermit Thrush

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.238821 -0.041532 -0.005445 0.033749 0.244763
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.693e-01 1.778e-01 0.952 0.3413
ProportionAreaChosen -2.999e-01 8.532e-03 -35.150 <2e-16 ***
Year -1.653e-04 8.664e-05 -1.908 0.0568 .
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.06711 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6239, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6229
F-statistic: 619.6 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.32 Horned Lark

#### 3.2.32.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris)

Family | Alaudidae |

Genus | Eremophila |

Species | alpestris |

Scientific Name | Eremophila alpestris |

Common Name | Horned Lark |

Species_Code | HOLA |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Agricultural |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Tundra |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Prairie grasslands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.32.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Horned Lark

The following map represents the areas chosen by HOLA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.32.3 Linear regression table for Horned Lark

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.36485 -0.05645 -0.01153 0.04608 0.46350
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -9.5833315 0.2902562 -33.017 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.0859946 0.0139305 -6.173 1.1e-09 ***
Year 0.0046471 0.0001415 32.850 < 2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1096 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.5993, Adjusted R-squared: 0.5982
F-statistic: 558.6 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.33 Le Conte’s Sparrow

#### 3.2.33.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Le Conte’s Sparrow (Ammospiza leconteii)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Ammospiza |

Species | leconteii |

Scientific Name | Ammospiza leconteii |

Common Name | Le Conte’s Sparrow |

Species_Code | LCSP |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Meadows |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Marsh |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Bogs |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.33.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Le Conte’s Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by LCSP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.33.3 Linear regression table for Le Conte’s Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.11457 -0.07497 0.00318 0.08380 0.47328
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 2.2331528 0.4618657 4.835 1.62e-06 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.5053398 0.0221667 -22.797 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0010727 0.0002251 -4.765 2.27e-06 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1744 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.4207, Adjusted R-squared: 0.4191
F-statistic: 271.2 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.34 Least Flycatcher

#### 3.2.34.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)

Family | Tyrannidae |

Genus | Empidonax |

Species | minimus |

Scientific Name | Empidonax minimus |

Common Name | Least Flycatcher |

Species_Code | LEFL |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Air |

Forage_Breed1 | Sallier |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Deciduous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Early successional |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.34.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Least Flycatcher

The following map represents the areas chosen by LEFL for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.34.3 Linear regression table for Least Flycatcher

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.69942 -0.05484 0.00517 0.07196 0.36974
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.3875880 0.3701264 3.749 0.000191 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -1.2379996 0.0177638 -69.692 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0006260 0.0001804 -3.470 0.000550 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1397 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.867, Adjusted R-squared: 0.8666
F-statistic: 2435 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.35 Lesser Yellowlegs

#### 3.2.35.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)

Family | Scolopacidae |

Genus | Tringa |

Species | flavipes |

Scientific Name | Tringa flavipes |

Common Name | Lesser Yellowlegs |

Species_Code | LEYE |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Water surface |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Lakes/ponds/rivers |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.35.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Lesser Yellowlegs

The following map represents the areas chosen by LEYE for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.35.3 Linear regression table for Lesser Yellowlegs

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.29347 -0.07593 -0.00611 0.05492 0.32704
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -2.684350 0.260562 -10.30 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.173944 0.012505 13.91 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.001363 0.000127 10.73 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.09837 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.2924, Adjusted R-squared: 0.2905
F-statistic: 154.3 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.36 Lincoln’s Sparrow

#### 3.2.36.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Melospiza |

Species | lincolnii |

Scientific Name | Melospiza lincolnii |

Common Name | Lincoln’s Sparrow |

Species_Code | LISP |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Burned/logged areas |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.36.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Lincoln’s Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by LISP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.36.3 Linear regression table for Lincoln’s Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.52649 -0.09541 0.02957 0.12246 0.28646
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 0.4119942 0.4318571 0.954 0.340
ProportionAreaChosen -0.0261828 0.0207265 -1.263 0.207
Year -0.0001672 0.0002105 -0.794 0.427
Residual standard error: 0.163 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.002972, Adjusted R-squared: 0.0003024
F-statistic: 1.113 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: 0.329
```

### 3.2.37 Magnolia Warbler

#### 3.2.37.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Magnolia Warbler (Setophaga magnolia)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Setophaga |

Species | magnolia |

Scientific Name | Setophaga magnolia |

Common Name | Magnolia Warbler |

Species_Code | MAWA |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.37.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Magnolia Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by MAWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.37.3 Linear regression table for Magnolia Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.93594 -0.05839 0.01348 0.09325 0.27788
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -1.9952596 0.3954530 -5.046 5.68e-07 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -1.2574374 0.0189793 -66.253 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0009916 0.0001927 5.145 3.42e-07 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1493 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.8553, Adjusted R-squared: 0.8549
F-statistic: 2208 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.38 Northern Waterthrush

#### 3.2.38.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Northern Waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Parkesia |

Species | noveboracensis |

Scientific Name | Parkesia noveboracensis |

Common Name | Northern Waterthrush |

Species_Code | NOWA |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Freshwater |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Treed/shrubby swamp |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Riparian woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Lakes/ponds/rivers |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.38.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Northern Waterthrush

The following map represents the areas chosen by NOWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.38.3 Linear regression table for Northern Waterthrush

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.44313 -0.05960 0.01044 0.04472 0.50001
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.8142922 0.2987046 6.074 1.99e-09 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.2367867 0.0143360 -16.517 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0008816 0.0001456 -6.056 2.21e-09 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1128 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.2929, Adjusted R-squared: 0.291
F-statistic: 154.7 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.39 Orange-crowned Warbler

#### 3.2.39.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Orange-crowned Warbler (Leiothlypis celata)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Leiothlypis |

Species | celata |

Scientific Name | Leiothlypis celata |

Common Name | Orange-crowned Warbler |

Species_Code | OCWA |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Open woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Deciduous woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.39.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Orange-crowned Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by OCWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.39.3 Linear regression table for Orange-crowned Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.42244 -0.06555 0.01375 0.07924 0.34952
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -1.1751510 0.3602246 -3.262 0.001155 **
ProportionAreaChosen -0.3394409 0.0172886 -19.634 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0005902 0.0001756 3.362 0.000813 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.136 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.3469, Adjusted R-squared: 0.3452
F-statistic: 198.4 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.40 Olive-sided Flycatcher

#### 3.2.40.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi)

Family | Tyrannidae |

Genus | Contopus |

Species | cooperi |

Scientific Name | Contopus cooperi |

Common Name | Olive-sided Flycatcher |

Species_Code | OSFL |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Air |

Forage_Breed1 | Sallier |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Burned/logged areas |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Treed/shrubby swamp |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.40.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Olive-sided Flycatcher

The following map represents the areas chosen by OSFL for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.40.3 Linear regression table for Olive-sided Flycatcher

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.33853 -0.07074 0.00043 0.06446 0.44260
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 0.3710419 0.3476887 1.067 0.286
ProportionAreaChosen 0.0979949 0.0166869 5.873 6.46e-09 ***
Year -0.0001835 0.0001695 -1.083 0.279
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1313 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.04556, Adjusted R-squared: 0.04301
F-statistic: 17.83 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: 2.727e-08
```

### 3.2.41 Ovenbird

#### 3.2.41.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Seiurus |

Species | aurocapilla |

Scientific Name | Seiurus aurocapilla |

Common Name | Ovenbird |

Species_Code | OVEN |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.41.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Ovenbird

The following map represents the areas chosen by OVEN for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.41.3 Linear regression table for Ovenbird

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.44608 -0.12352 0.07149 0.24231 0.43178
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -4.204175 0.874079 -4.810 1.83e-06 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -2.279830 0.041950 -54.346 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.002196 0.000426 5.156 3.24e-07 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.33 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.7996, Adjusted R-squared: 0.799
F-statistic: 1490 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.42 Palm Warbler

#### 3.2.42.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Palm Warbler (Setophaga palmarum)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Setophaga |

Species | palmarum |

Scientific Name | Setophaga palmarum |

Common Name | Palm Warbler |

Species_Code | PAWA |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Burned/logged areas |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.42.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Palm Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by PAWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.42.3 Linear regression table for Palm Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.45710 -0.06216 0.00646 0.05510 0.48655
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -4.2660651 0.3342348 -12.76 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.3709312 0.0160412 -23.12 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.0020559 0.0001629 12.62 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1262 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.4816, Adjusted R-squared: 0.4802
F-statistic: 347 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.43 Philadelphia Vireo

#### 3.2.43.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus)

Family | Vireonidae |

Genus | Vireo |

Species | philadelphicus |

Scientific Name | Vireo philadelphicus |

Common Name | Philadelphia Vireo |

Species_Code | PHVI |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Deciduous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Early successional |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.43.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Philadelphia Vireo

The following map represents the areas chosen by PHVI for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.43.3 Linear regression table for Philadelphia Vireo

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.157799 -0.039530 0.006314 0.039495 0.162266
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -6.121e+00 1.539e-01 -39.77 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -5.136e-01 7.386e-03 -69.53 <2e-16 ***
Year 3.018e-03 7.501e-05 40.24 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.0581 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.8963, Adjusted R-squared: 0.896
F-statistic: 3227 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.44 Pine Siskin

#### 3.2.44.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Pine Siskin (Spinus pinus)

Family | Fringillidae |

Genus | Spinus |

Species | pinus |

Scientific Name | Spinus pinus |

Common Name | Pine Siskin |

Species_Code | PISI |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Nomadic |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Urban |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.44.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Pine Siskin

The following map represents the areas chosen by PISI for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.44.3 Linear regression table for Pine Siskin

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.17252 -0.04571 0.00690 0.07661 0.27217
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 0.3632255 0.4484408 0.810 0.418
ProportionAreaChosen -0.7302635 0.0215224 -33.930 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0001842 0.0002186 -0.843 0.400
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1693 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6066, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6056
F-statistic: 576 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.45 Purple Finch

#### 3.2.45.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus)

Family | Fringillidae |

Genus | Haemorhous |

Species | purpureus |

Scientific Name | Haemorhous purpureus |

Common Name | Purple Finch |

Species_Code | PUFI |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Granivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Open woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.45.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Purple Finch

The following map represents the areas chosen by PUFI for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.45.3 Linear regression table for Purple Finch

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.47834 -0.06301 0.01001 0.06847 0.39485
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 2.6038721 0.3614596 7.204 1.43e-12 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.2472956 0.0173479 -14.255 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0012581 0.0001762 -7.142 2.19e-12 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1365 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.2539, Adjusted R-squared: 0.2519
F-statistic: 127.1 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.46 Rose-breasted Grosbeak

#### 3.2.46.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Family | Cardinalidae |

Genus | Pheucticus |

Species | ludovicianus |

Scientific Name | Pheucticus ludovicianus |

Common Name | Rose-breasted Grosbeak |

Species_Code | RBGR |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Deciduous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.46.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Rose-breasted Grosbeak

The following map represents the areas chosen by RBGR for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.46.3 Linear regression table for Rose-breasted Grosbeak

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.27814 -0.10891 0.04658 0.21135 0.46892
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -5.5435265 0.8139524 -6.811 2.00e-11 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -2.0500050 0.0390647 -52.477 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0028244 0.0003967 7.120 2.54e-12 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.3073 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.7897, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7891
F-statistic: 1402 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.47 Red-breasted Nuthatch

#### 3.2.47.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)

Family | Sittidae |

Genus | Sitta |

Species | canadensis |

Scientific Name | Sitta canadensis |

Common Name | Red-breasted Nuthatch |

Species_Code | RBNU |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Resident |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Bark |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Snag |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Treed/shrubby swamp |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.47.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Red-breasted Nuthatch

The following map represents the areas chosen by RBNU for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.47.3 Linear regression table for Red-breasted Nuthatch

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.35630 -0.05435 -0.00508 0.04181 0.51496
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -2.0259580 0.2767004 -7.322 6.34e-13 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.4296562 0.0132799 -32.354 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0009866 0.0001349 7.316 6.63e-13 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1045 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.5956, Adjusted R-squared: 0.5945
F-statistic: 550.1 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.48 Ruby-crowned Kinglet

#### 3.2.48.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)

Family | Regulidae |

Genus | Regulus |

Species | calendula |

Scientific Name | Regulus calendula |

Common Name | Ruby-crowned Kinglet |

Species_Code | RCKI |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Mixed woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.48.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Ruby-crowned Kinglet

The following map represents the areas chosen by RCKI for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.48.3 Linear regression table for Ruby-crowned Kinglet

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.28038 -0.05077 -0.00613 0.06736 0.16777
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -3.0258956 0.2152689 -14.06 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.4293783 0.0103316 41.56 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.0014012 0.0001049 13.36 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.08127 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.7184, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7176
F-statistic: 952.8 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.49 Red-eyed Vireo

#### 3.2.49.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)

Family | Vireonidae |

Genus | Vireo |

Species | olivaceus |

Scientific Name | Vireo olivaceus |

Common Name | Red-eyed Vireo |

Species_Code | REVI |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Deciduous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.49.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Red-eyed Vireo

The following map represents the areas chosen by REVI for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.49.3 Linear regression table for Red-eyed Vireo

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.86271 -0.07284 0.00255 0.09584 0.51746
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -2.4404316 0.4896597 -4.984 7.75e-07 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -1.2513373 0.0235007 -53.247 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0011805 0.0002387 4.946 9.34e-07 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1849 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.7929, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7923
F-statistic: 1430 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.50 Rusty Blackbird

#### 3.2.50.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)

Family | Icteridae |

Genus | Euphagus |

Species | carolinus |

Scientific Name | Euphagus carolinus |

Common Name | Rusty Blackbird |

Species_Code | RUBL |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Treed/shrubby swamp |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.50.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Rusty Blackbird

The following map represents the areas chosen by RUBL for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.50.3 Linear regression table for Rusty Blackbird

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.18997 -0.05627 -0.01090 0.05144 0.19971
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -1.3182112 0.2000464 -6.590 8.33e-11 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.5917702 0.0096010 61.636 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0007003 0.0000975 7.182 1.66e-12 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.07552 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.8375, Adjusted R-squared: 0.8371
F-statistic: 1925 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.51 Ruffed Grouse

#### 3.2.51.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)

Family | Phasianidae |

Genus | Bonasa |

Species | umbellus |

Scientific Name | Bonasa umbellus |

Common Name | Ruffed Grouse |

Species_Code | RUGR |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Resident |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Coniferous woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.51.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Ruffed Grouse

The following map represents the areas chosen by RUGR for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.51.3 Linear regression table for Ruffed Grouse

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.19301 -0.07641 0.01466 0.11612 0.57397
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 4.293e-02 6.697e-01 0.064 0.949
ProportionAreaChosen -1.563e+00 3.214e-02 -48.635 <2e-16 ***
Year 4.139e-05 3.264e-04 0.127 0.899
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.2528 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.76, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7594
F-statistic: 1183 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.52 Red-winged Blackbird

#### 3.2.52.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Family | Icteridae |

Genus | Agelaius |

Species | phoeniceus |

Scientific Name | Agelaius phoeniceus |

Common Name | Red-winged Blackbird |

Species_Code | RWBL |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Grass |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Marsh |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Agricultural |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Lakes/ponds/rivers |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.52.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Red-winged Blackbird

The following map represents the areas chosen by RWBL for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.52.3 Linear regression table for Red-winged Blackbird

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.29640 -0.11680 -0.00572 0.16163 0.56828
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.5421662 0.6701418 2.301 0.0217 *
ProportionAreaChosen -0.6524104 0.0321627 -20.285 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0006881 0.0003266 -2.107 0.0355 *
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.253 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.3576, Adjusted R-squared: 0.3559
F-statistic: 208 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.53 Savannah Sparrow

#### 3.2.53.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Passerculus |

Species | sandwichensis |

Scientific Name | Passerculus sandwichensis |

Common Name | Savannah Sparrow |

Species_Code | SAVS |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Agricultural |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Tundra |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.53.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Savannah Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by SAVS for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.53.3 Linear regression table for Savannah Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.37413 -0.06069 0.00804 0.06856 0.21518
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 0.9417482 0.2608091 3.611 0.000326 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.2638694 0.0125172 21.080 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0003878 0.0001271 -3.051 0.002360 **
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.09846 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.3779, Adjusted R-squared: 0.3762
F-statistic: 226.8 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.54 Song Sparrow

#### 3.2.54.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Melospiza |

Species | melodia |

Scientific Name | Melospiza melodia |

Common Name | Song Sparrow |

Species_Code | SOSP |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Open woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.54.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Song Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by SOSP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.54.3 Linear regression table for Song Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.61029 -0.07068 -0.01421 0.09316 0.41831
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 7.826e-02 3.826e-01 0.205 0.838
ProportionAreaChosen -4.406e-01 1.836e-02 -23.994 <2e-16 ***
Year 2.039e-05 1.865e-04 0.109 0.913
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1444 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.4353, Adjusted R-squared: 0.4337
F-statistic: 287.9 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.55 Swamp Sparrow

#### 3.2.55.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Melospiza |

Species | georgiana |

Scientific Name | Melospiza georgiana |

Common Name | Swamp Sparrow |

Species_Code | SWSP |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Grass |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Marsh |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Lakes/ponds/rivers |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Treed/shrubby swamp |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.55.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Swamp Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by SWSP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.55.3 Linear regression table for Swamp Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.70085 -0.07081 0.00113 0.07843 0.38077
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 3.1100044 0.3860820 8.055 3.13e-15 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.8522659 0.0185296 -45.995 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0014667 0.0001882 -7.794 2.17e-14 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1458 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.7445, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7438
F-statistic: 1088 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.56 Swainson’s Thrush

#### 3.2.56.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Swainson’s Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)

Family | Turdidae |

Genus | Catharus |

Species | ustulatus |

Scientific Name | Catharus ustulatus |

Common Name | Swainson’s Thrush |

Species_Code | SWTH |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Bogs |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.56.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Swainson’s Thrush

The following map represents the areas chosen by SWTH for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.56.3 Linear regression table for Swainson’s Thrush

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.34867 -0.05134 -0.00091 0.04559 0.28557
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -6.5497715 0.2357091 -27.788 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.0791474 0.0113126 -6.996 5.84e-12 ***
Year 0.0030901 0.0001149 26.898 < 2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.08899 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.5084, Adjusted R-squared: 0.5071
F-statistic: 386.2 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.57 Tennessee Warbler

#### 3.2.57.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Tennessee Warbler (Leiothlypis peregrina)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Leiothlypis |

Species | peregrina |

Scientific Name | Leiothlypis peregrina |

Common Name | Tennessee Warbler |

Species_Code | TEWA |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Mixed woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.57.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Tennessee Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by TEWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.57.3 Linear regression table for Tennessee Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.43103 -0.06715 -0.00328 0.06231 0.37561
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -6.0905862 0.2942452 -20.70 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.2649287 0.0141220 -18.76 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.0028864 0.0001434 20.13 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1111 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.5033, Adjusted R-squared: 0.502
F-statistic: 378.5 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.58 Tree Swallow

#### 3.2.58.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Family | Hirundinidae |

Genus | Tachycineta |

Species | bicolor |

Scientific Name | Tachycineta bicolor |

Common Name | Tree Swallow |

Species_Code | TRES |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Air |

Forage_Breed1 | Screener |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Snag |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Treed/shrubby swamp |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Marsh |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Lakes/ponds/rivers |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.58.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Tree Swallow

The following map represents the areas chosen by TRES for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.58.3 Linear regression table for Tree Swallow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.59533 -0.06368 0.00594 0.08273 0.31259
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 6.7531634 0.3751499 18.001 < 2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.0530405 0.0180049 -2.946 0.00332 **
Year -0.0032041 0.0001828 -17.524 < 2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1416 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.2971, Adjusted R-squared: 0.2952
F-statistic: 157.9 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.59 Varied Thrush

#### 3.2.59.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius)

Family | Turdidae |

Genus | Ixoreus |

Species | naevius |

Scientific Name | Ixoreus naevius |

Common Name | Varied Thrush |

Species_Code | VATH |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Non |

Nesting_Habitat3 | None |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.59.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Varied Thrush

The following map represents the areas chosen by VATH for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.59.3 Linear regression table for Varied Thrush

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.69980 -0.12426 0.00599 0.12613 0.53480
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -9.8899446 0.5275150 -18.748 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.0283963 0.0253175 -1.122 0.262
Year 0.0047950 0.0002571 18.650 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1991 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.3185, Adjusted R-squared: 0.3167
F-statistic: 174.5 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.60 Warbling Vireo

#### 3.2.60.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus)

Family | Vireonidae |

Genus | Vireo |

Species | gilvus |

Scientific Name | Vireo gilvus |

Common Name | Warbling Vireo |

Species_Code | WAVI |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Deciduous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Open woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Deciduous woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.60.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Warbling Vireo

The following map represents the areas chosen by WAVI for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.60.3 Linear regression table for Warbling Vireo

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.76000 -0.06303 0.01109 0.09279 0.39961
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.1809015 0.4610161 2.562 0.0106 *
ProportionAreaChosen -1.1108202 0.0221260 -50.204 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0005369 0.0002247 -2.390 0.0171 *
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.174 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.7718, Adjusted R-squared: 0.7712
F-statistic: 1263 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.61 White-crowned Sparrow

#### 3.2.61.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Zonotrichia |

Species | leucophrys |

Scientific Name | Zonotrichia leucophrys |

Common Name | White-crowned Sparrow |

Species_Code | WCSP |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Open woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Tundra |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.61.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and White-crowned Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by WCSP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.61.3 Linear regression table for White-crowned Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.281672 -0.056262 -0.008525 0.048455 0.297132
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.6152172 0.2408742 6.706 3.96e-11 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.8402286 0.0115605 72.681 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0007130 0.0001174 -6.073 1.99e-09 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.09094 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.8769, Adjusted R-squared: 0.8765
F-statistic: 2660 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.62 Western Tanager

#### 3.2.62.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana)

Family | Cardinalidae |

Genus | Piranga |

Species | ludoviciana |

Scientific Name | Piranga ludoviciana |

Common Name | Western Tanager |

Species_Code | WETA |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Open woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.62.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Western Tanager

The following map represents the areas chosen by WETA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.62.3 Linear regression table for Western Tanager

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.60776 -0.07950 0.00993 0.07867 0.44394
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -8.331787 0.367368 -22.68 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.476945 0.017631 -27.05 <2e-16 ***
Year 0.004025 0.000179 22.48 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1387 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6235, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6225
F-statistic: 618.6 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.63 Western Wood-Pewee

#### 3.2.63.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Western Wood-Pewee (Contopus sordidulus)

Family | Tyrannidae |

Genus | Contopus |

Species | sordidulus |

Scientific Name | Contopus sordidulus |

Common Name | Western Wood-Pewee |

Species_Code | WEWP |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Air |

Forage_Breed1 | Sallier |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Open woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Riparian woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.63.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Western Wood-Pewee

The following map represents the areas chosen by WEWP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.63.3 Linear regression table for Western Wood-Pewee

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.20711 -0.05700 -0.00183 0.06107 0.22001
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -7.7095895 0.2181420 -35.342 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.0018680 0.0104695 -0.178 0.858
Year 0.0037582 0.0001063 35.348 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.08235 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6259, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6249
F-statistic: 624.8 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.64 Wilson’s Warbler

#### 3.2.64.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Wilson’s Warbler (Cardellina pusilla)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Cardellina |

Species | pusilla |

Scientific Name | Cardellina pusilla |

Common Name | Wilson’s Warbler |

Species_Code | WIWA |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Treed/shrubby swamp |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Riparian woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.64.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Wilson’s Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by WIWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.64.3 Linear regression table for Wilson’s Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.82841 -0.08448 0.04156 0.16647 0.45165
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -0.2015505 0.7298171 -0.276 0.782
ProportionAreaChosen 0.1715201 0.0350268 4.897 1.19e-06 ***
Year 0.0001520 0.0003557 0.427 0.669
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.2755 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.03133, Adjusted R-squared: 0.02874
F-statistic: 12.08 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: 6.862e-06
```

### 3.2.65 Winter Wren

#### 3.2.65.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Winter Wren (Troglodytes hiemalis)

Family | Troglodytidae |

Genus | Troglodytes |

Species | hiemalis |

Scientific Name | Troglodytes hiemalis |

Common Name | Winter Wren |

Species_Code | WIWR |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Snag |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Lakes/ponds/rivers |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.65.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Winter Wren

The following map represents the areas chosen by WIWR for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.65.3 Linear regression table for Winter Wren

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.173191 -0.067643 -0.002171 0.048310 0.281395
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -1.9401831 0.2316429 -8.376 2.71e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 0.0649666 0.0111174 5.844 7.62e-09 ***
Year 0.0008833 0.0001129 7.824 1.75e-14 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.08745 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.1132, Adjusted R-squared: 0.1108
F-statistic: 47.68 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.66 White-throated Sparrow

#### 3.2.66.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

Family | Passerellidae |

Genus | Zonotrichia |

Species | albicollis |

Scientific Name | Zonotrichia albicollis |

Common Name | White-throated Sparrow |

Species_Code | WTSP |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Ground |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Mixed woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.66.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and White-throated Sparrow

The following map represents the areas chosen by WTSP for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.66.3 Linear regression table for White-throated Sparrow

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.195431 -0.030518 0.000973 0.034732 0.136420
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -2.797e+00 1.346e-01 -20.79 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -7.831e-01 6.459e-03 -121.24 <2e-16 ***
Year 1.361e-03 6.559e-05 20.75 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.0508 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.953, Adjusted R-squared: 0.9528
F-statistic: 7565 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.67 White-winged Crossbill

#### 3.2.67.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera)

Family | Fringillidae |

Genus | Loxia |

Species | leucoptera |

Scientific Name | Loxia leucoptera |

Common Name | White-winged Crossbill |

Species_Code | WWCR |

Generalist/Specialist | |

Migration | Nomadic |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Upper canopy |

Forage_Breed1 | Forager |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.67.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and White-winged Crossbill

The following map represents the areas chosen by WWCR for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.67.3 Linear regression table for White-winged Crossbill

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.16029 -0.05441 -0.01809 0.02487 0.46593
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 0.6704063 0.2295305 2.921 0.003597 **
ProportionAreaChosen 0.2658677 0.0110161 24.135 < 2e-16 ***
Year -0.0003847 0.0001119 -3.439 0.000617 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.08665 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.4431, Adjusted R-squared: 0.4416
F-statistic: 297.2 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.68 Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

#### 3.2.68.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris)

Family | Tyrannidae |

Genus | Empidonax |

Species | flaviventris |

Scientific Name | Empidonax flaviventris |

Common Name | Yellow-bellied Flycatcher |

Species_Code | YBFL |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Air |

Forage_Breed1 | Sallier |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Ground |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Bogs |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Mixed woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.68.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

The following map represents the areas chosen by YBFL for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.68.3 Linear regression table for Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.23268 -0.07916 0.00448 0.06348 0.31419
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 1.1157858 0.2823594 3.952 8.50e-05 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.1104869 0.0135515 -8.153 1.50e-15 ***
Year -0.0005899 0.0001376 -4.287 2.05e-05 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1066 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.102, Adjusted R-squared: 0.09959
F-statistic: 42.42 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.69 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

#### 3.2.69.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)

Family | Picidae |

Genus | Sphyrapicus |

Species | varius |

Scientific Name | Sphyrapicus varius |

Common Name | Yellow-bellied Sapsucker |

Species_Code | YBSA |

Generalist/Specialist | G |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Omnivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Bark |

Forage_Breed1 | Excavator |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Deciduous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Deciduous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.69.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

The following map represents the areas chosen by YBSA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.69.3 Linear regression table for Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.62287 -0.05739 0.02955 0.09108 0.32071
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) -0.8139533 0.3932381 -2.070 0.03881 *
ProportionAreaChosen -1.3089017 0.0188730 -69.353 < 2e-16 ***
Year 0.0004952 0.0001917 2.584 0.00995 **
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.1485 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.8657, Adjusted R-squared: 0.8654
F-statistic: 2408 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.70 Yellow Warbler

#### 3.2.70.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Setophaga |

Species | petechia |

Scientific Name | Setophaga petechia |

Common Name | Yellow Warbler |

Species_Code | YEWA |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Neotropical migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Shrub |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Early successional |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Lakes/ponds/rivers |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Marsh |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.70.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Yellow Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by YEWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.70.3 Linear regression table for Yellow Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-1.14197 -0.10853 0.00665 0.10657 0.58826
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 14.4091819 0.5415563 26.61 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen -0.5528698 0.0259914 -21.27 <2e-16 ***
Year -0.0069237 0.0002639 -26.23 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.2045 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.6043, Adjusted R-squared: 0.6032
F-statistic: 570.3 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### 3.2.71 Yellow-rumped Warbler

#### 3.2.71.1 Species information

The following table presents general information for Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)

Family | Parulidae |

Genus | Setophaga |

Species | coronata |

Scientific Name | Setophaga coronata |

Common Name | Yellow-rumped Warbler |

Species_Code | YRWA |

Generalist/Specialist | S |

Migration | Short distance migrant |

Feeding_Class_Breed1 | Insectivore |

Substrate_Breed1 | Lower canopy / shrub |

Forage_Breed1 | Gleaner |

Nesting_Substrate1 | Coniferous tree |

Nesting_Habitat1 | Coniferous woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat2 | Mixed woodlands |

Nesting_Habitat3 | Woodlands |

UICN | |

V18 |

#### 3.2.71.2 Habitat overlap between caribou and Yellow-rumped Warbler

The following map represents the areas chosen by YRWA for scenario 15% and year 2031.

#### 3.2.71.3 Linear regression table for Yellow-rumped Warbler

The following table and plot present the results from the for the linear regression:

```
Call:
lm(formula = umbrellaIndex ~ ProportionAreaChosen + Year, data = subTableGLM)
Residuals:
Min 1Q Median 3Q Max
-0.231457 -0.042119 0.007401 0.054697 0.184721
Coefficients:
Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept) 3.043e+00 1.929e-01 15.78 <2e-16 ***
ProportionAreaChosen 2.131e-01 9.259e-03 23.02 <2e-16 ***
Year -1.569e-03 9.402e-05 -16.69 <2e-16 ***
---
Signif. codes: 0 â€˜***â€™ 0.001 â€˜**â€™ 0.01 â€˜*â€™ 0.05 â€˜.â€™ 0.1 â€˜ â€™ 1
Residual standard error: 0.07283 on 747 degrees of freedom
Multiple R-squared: 0.5198, Adjusted R-squared: 0.5185
F-statistic: 404.3 on 2 and 747 DF, p-value: < 2.2e-16
```

### References

*Wildlife Society Bulletin*39 (3): 480–87. https://doi.org/10.1002/wsb.567.

*Avian Conservation and Ecology*5 (2): art8. https://doi.org/10.5751/ACE-00406-050208.

*Methods in Ecology and Evolution*4 (11): 1047–58. https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.12106.